Zero tolerance is the equivalent to the crime bill of 1984!! What is the school to prison pipeline?
The school-to-prison pipeline is a process through which students are pushed out of schools and into prisons. Therefore, criminalizing youth is carried out by disciplinary policies and practices within schools that put students into contact with law enforcement.
Students assigned to a school that has one standard deviation higher suspension rate are 15 to 20 percent more likely to be arrested and incarcerated as adults. We also find negative impacts on educational attainment. The negative impacts of attending a high suspension school are largest for males and minorities.
Why the school-to-prison pipeline is bad? Removing students from school through suspension or expulsion, or arrest by school police can have significant negative consequences. Those consequences fall most heavily on students of color and students with disabilities, who are disproportionately suspended, expelled, and arrested at school.
In the United States, the school-to-prison pipeline (SPP), is the disproportionate tendency of minors and young adults from disadvantaged backgrounds to become incarcerated because of increasingly harsh school and municipal policies, as well as because of educational inequality in the United States. Many experts have credited factors such as school disturbance laws, zero-tolerance policies and practices, and an increase in police in schools creating the pipeline. Black students in Missouri, for the last 10 years, have been disciplined disproportionately to their population in public schools.
From 2008 to 2017, black students never represented more than 20 percent of enrolled students. But during that time period, they represented around 40 percent of total suspensions given in Missouri. (The Missourian) Consequently, Black and Hispanic students are, on average, less likely to be selected for gifted programs and take AP courses than their white peers. They are also more likely, on average, to be suspended and expelled. Black students are 4x more likely than their white counterparts for suspension or expulsion. Out suspensions may do more harm than good. Out-of-school suspensions leave kids at home unsupervised and able to cause more problems, and they also do nothing to teach appropriate alternative behavior nor address underlying issues that may be causing the bad behavior.
Steps of prison to school pipeline:
-Failing Public Schools. For most students, the pipeline begins with inadequate resources in public schools
-Zero-Tolerance and Other School Discipline
-Policing School Hallways
-Disciplinary Alternative Schools
-Court Involvement and Juvenile Detention
How To Avoid/Fix The Pipeline:
1. Recognize positive behavior
2. Keep police out of schools
3. Work with police departments and court systems to To limit school arrest
4. To only use suspension or expulsion in extreme cases such as bringing a weapon to school
5. To acknowledge the systematic racism built in schools
6. To acknowledge that higher rates of black students are placed in special education compared to white counterparts, and then readjust the criteria in which we used to place them in special education classes. 7. Bring back Certificate trades
8. Train teachers on using positive behavior modification for at-risk students